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Property Company Balance Sheets

An analysis of the whether an investment property generates on-going profits is based on its balance sheet. A balance sheet gives the property's profit or loss for the current year and the accumulated profits and losses from the previous years. The balance sheets also gives:

  • fixed assets which is the current value of the property including its purchase price, refurbishments, any fixtures and fittings
  • current assets including money in the bank account, purchase deposits
  • current liabilities associated with the property such as taxation, deposits held, any short term loans repayable
  • long-term liabilities such as any loans used to purchase the property
  • For a company which has more than one property, the balance sheet would by a consolidated report on all the properties in the company's property portfolio.

    To illustrate this we will consider company X which according to its profit and loss statement has three properties which are:

  • property 1
  • property 2 which was sold
  • property 3
  • The balance sheet of company X is as follows:



    Fixed Assets
    Company X had the following properties in its portfolio which were valued using the Income (Investment) Method:

  • Property 1 valued at $251,500
  • Property 2 which was sold and was valued at $450,000
  • Property 3 valued at $325,000
  • The total property stock is valued at $576,500 and this comprises the fixed assets of company X. By combining company X's profit and loss statement and its balance sheet we are able to do property stock analysis. This is based on the property value excluding fixtures and fittings.

    Current Assets
    Company X has $1,200 in its bank account and no purchase deposits. The $1,200 is for unexpected sundry administrative expense as all major items of expenditure have already been made during the year. Purchase deposits are money which the company puts down towards the acquisition of a property. However, company X has no impending property purchases for the financial period.

    Current Liabilities
    Company X has taxation liabilities of $16,170 including corporation tax and VAT. There is no council tax as this is paid by the property tenants. The company is holding $2,040 in deposits from its property tentants which will be returned once the tenants terminate their lease and have paid their rent in full. Company X owes $3,800 to tradesmen for minor work done to its investment properties.

    Long-Term Liabilities
    Company X has $500,000 in mortgages for its investment properties. The corresponding interest of $11,200 this attracts is reflected in the company's profit and loss statement.

    Balance Sheet Analysis
    Company X has $55,690 in net assets. Its profit and loss account for the financial period is $43,856 of which part was generated from a one off sale of a property. Hence this figure is likely to decrease for the next year. The retained earnings for the company from its previous years was $10,834. As a whole the company is an ongoing concern. However, its level of profit should be subject to a property stock analysis to identity areas of improvements.

    Related Topics:

  • Group Property Company Profit and Loss Statements
  • Group Property Company Balance Sheets
  • Group Company Property Stock Analysis