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Amortisation refers to spreading payments over multiple periods. Payments are divided into equal amo...."

The appreciation rate is the percentage increase in the market value of a property over a given peri...."

Business Plan
A business plan is a document that outlines how a business can allocates its often scarce resources ...."

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) for an ...."

Capital Funding
Capital funding is the provision of finances to acquire fixed, tangible assets such as land, buildi...."

Capitalisation Rate (Cap Rate)
Those who invest in real estate via income-producing properties need to have a method to determine ...."

Cash Flow
Cash flow is the measure of cash coming into and out of the business bank accounts. Free cash flow i...."

Cash-on-Cash Return
Cash-on-Cash Return (COCR) is also referred to as equity dividend rate. It is a measure of a ...."

Comparable Method
The Comparable Method is used for most types of (non-specialised) properties where there is evidence...."

Contractor's (Cost) Method
The contractor's (cost) method is used for properties: having specialised purposes such as yout...."

Cost of Capital
The cost of capital is the weighted cost of the debt and equity of associated w...."

Debt Coverage Ratio
The Debt Coverage Ratio (DCR) is also known as Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR). DCR measures the...."

Debt Service
Debt service for an ...."

Depreciation of buildings is based either on physical deterioration and obsolescence. P...."

Development (Residual) Method
The development method values property by the land value and the ...."

Discounted Cash Flows
Discounted Cash Flows (DCF) is used to value anticipated ...."

Equity Dividend Rate
See Cash on Cash...."

Estimated Rental Value (ERV)
Estimated rental value (ERV) is the open market rent that a property can be reasonably expected to a...."

Gross Operating Income
Gross Operating Income GOI of a property is ...."

Gross Potential Income
Gross Potential Income (GPI) on real estate is realised if a property is fully occupied and all rent...."

Gross Rent Multiplier
Gross Rent Multiplier (GRM) is the ratio of the or ...."

Group Property Company Balance Sheets
An analysis of whether property investment companies within a group company collectively generates o...."

Group Property Company Profit and Loss Statements
Property investors may administer their property stock either directly themselves or via limited lia...."

Group Property Company Stock Analysis
To illusrate group property company stock analysis we will use a fictious property company group cal...."

Income (Investment) Method
If a property is used to generate income from sales, rents or leases, the most common method o...."

Internal Rate of Return
Internal Rate of Return IRR is used to measure and compare the profitability of investme...."

Investment Property
An investment property is used to generate an income for the owner through: rent from res...."

Loan-to-Cost Ratio
Loan-to-Cost Ratio (LTC) is the loan amount requested to finance a real estate development project o...."

Loan-to-Value Ratio
Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV) is the mortgage amount requested for a property over the appraised value o...."

Market Value
The market value approach to real estate appraisal usually compares several valuations of what other...."

Modified Internal Rate of Return (MIRR)
The modified internal rate of return (MIRR) is used to rank property investments of equal size. MIRR...."

Net Operating Income
Net Operating Income (NOI) for leased properties is determined using assumptions about expected occu...."

Net Present Value
The Net Present Value (NPV) is used to value a series of ...."

Operating Expenses
Operating expenses of an investment property includes items such as council tax, utility bills, lega...."

Present Discounted Value
Present discounted value, is the value on a given date of a future payment or series of future payme...."

Profit (Accounts) Method
The profit method of valuing properties is used when value of the property is dependent on the busin...."

Property Stock Analysis
By combining company X's ...."

Property Company Balance Sheets
An analysis of the whether an ...."

Property Company Profit and Loss Statements
An analysis of the profitability of any ...."

Real Estate Appraisal
Real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation is the process of valuing real property....."

Real Estate Break Even Ratio
Real estate break-even ratio measures the ability of an ...."

Real Estate Leverage
Real Estate Leverage is the use of borrowed money to purchase an ...."

Real Estate Pyramiding
Pyramiding is a method of maximising ...."

Rental Vacancy and Credit Loss
Rental Vacancy and Credit Loss (RVCL) in real estate is the loss of rental revenue due to vacant uni...."

Return on Investment
Return on Investment (ROI) for an investment property is the ratio of gross profit over the value of...."

Revenue Funding
Revenue funding is the provision of finances to support ongoing business expenses such as wages, ren...."

Selling Price Calculations
An investment pro...."